By Leah Zerbe, Rodale News
There is something magnetic about kittens. Ever see one and immediately want to scoop it up? Although your first instinct might be, "I need to help this stray kitten!" you might want to refrain. In some cases, the mom of a stray kitten could be hunting nearby, and taking the kitten away and to a shelter puts the animal in a critical situation, one that requires round-the-clock care to keep it alive.
First, Observe. According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), before you rescue a kitten, hang back and observe—could the mother cat be hiding out nearby? If you do see Mom return, contact your local Humane Society or a feral cat rescue group to find out how you can trap the entire feral cat family.
Staff can teach you how to safely get the cats spayed and neutered, and how and why you may want to release them back into the neighborhood to prevent other reproducing cat colony members from coming back.
If the mother cat doesn't return, ASPCA recommends borrowing a humane live-animal trap from a shelter or rescue group to capture wild stray kittens, or picking up tamer ones and putting them right into a cat carrier. Because kittens could carry diseases transmitted to humans, including life-threatening ones like rabies, you should tell your doctor if you're bitten or scratched by an unknown or unvaccinated cat of any age.
Line a small box with towels or blankets—a kitten will feel safer in a small draft-free area than it will given free reign over the entire house. Keep the kitten separate from other household pets. (Is your home pet-proof? Learn about these Top 10 Pet Threats Lurking in Your Home, first.)
ASPCA stresses that keeping orphaned kittens warm (but not overheated) is important.
The organization says keeping a hot water bottle wrapped in a towel or a closely monitored heating pad on low temperature works, as long as the kitten has enough room to move away from the heat if it gets too warm.
Newborn kittens separated from their mother require intensive care. Translation: Call a vet, a shelter, or an experienced kitten foster-care group for help finding someone who could care for the fragile kitten better, or to ask for detailed instructions on how to do it yourself if no other help is available.
At 3 to 4 weeks old, kittens can be offered milk replacer from a bowl and start trying small amounts of moistened kitten food four to six times a day, says ASPCA.
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Kittens ages 6 to 12 weeks old should be fed four times a day as milk replacer is slowly weaned away. Kittens 3 to 6 months old should be fed three times a day.
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With Mama Cat out of the picture, you'll have to perform other important, even lifesaving, duties like teaching the kitten to go to the bathroom.
(Kittens don't normally go until they're 2 to 3 weeks old, but you'll have to stimulate secretion by using a soft washcloth moistened with warm water and gently massaging the anal and urinary areas. (Normally, the mother cat licks the kittens to stimulate their bowels and urinary tract.)
7 Ways to Care for a Stray Kitten
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