Illness: Sarcoptic mange in dogs is caused by a tiny mite.
Symptoms: Extreme itching, skin lesions, red rashes on skin, hair loss
Who's Affected & Why: Outdoor dogs are most susceptible to sarcoptic mange. These tiny mites can survive a few days in the environment, so your dog can be exposed to the minuscule pests at the kennel, groomer, dog boarding facility and dog park. Its prevalence seems to be increasing, especially in the northeastern United States.
How to Prevent & Cope: There are currently no preventative measures for sarcoptic mange. However, there are several treatments available to cure your dog of sarcoptes mites. Topical spot-on products is the most common and effective way to treat mange. (Vetstreet)